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Br J Haematol. 2009 Apr;145(2):190-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2141.2009.07611.x. Epub 2009 Feb 17.

The route to development of myelodysplastic syndrome/acute myeloid leukaemia in Shwachman-Diamond syndrome: the role of ageing, karyotype instability, and acquired chromosome anomalies.

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1
Biologia e Genetica, Dipartimento di Scienze Biomediche Sperimentali e Cliniche, Università dell'lnsubria, Varese, Italy. emanuela.maserati@uninsubria.it

Abstract

An investigation of 22 new patients with Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS) and the follow-up of 14 previously reported cases showed that (i) clonal chromosome changes of chromosomes 7 and 20 were present in the bone marrow (BM) of 16 out of 36 cases, but if non-clonal changes were taken into account, the frequency of anomalies affecting these chromosomes was 20/36: a specific SDS karyotype instability was thus confirmed; (ii) the recurrent isochromosome i(7)(q10) did not include short arm material, whereas it retained two arrays of D7Z1 alphoid sequences; (iii) the deletion del(20)(q11) involved the minimal region of deletion typical of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) and acute myeloid leukaemia (AML); (iv) only one patient developed MDS, during the rapid expansion of a BM clone with a chromosome 7 carrying additional material on the short arms; (v) the acquisition of BM clonal chromosome anomalies was age-related. We conclude that karyotype instability is part of the natural history of SDS through a specific mutator effect, linked to lacking SBDS protein, with consequent clonal anomalies of chromosomes 7 and 20 in BM, which may eventually promote MDS/AML with the patients' ageing.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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