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Acta Otolaryngol Suppl. 2009 Feb;(560):22-31. doi: 10.1080/00016480902729850.

Visualization of inner ear disorders with MRI in vivo: from animal models to human application.

Author information

1
Department of Otolaryngology, University of Tampere Medical School, Tampere, Finland. Jing.Zou@uta.fi

Abstract

CONCLUSION:

The inner ear membranous permeability and leakiness and endolymphatic hydrops can be visualized using gadolinium-enhanced MRI in both rodents and man. Intratympanic administration of contrast agent gives greater perilymphatic loading of gadolinium.

OBJECTIVES:

Visualization of different types of inner ear dysfunction in MRI with intravenous or intratympanic administration of contrast agent.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

In the animal study, gadolinium was administered intravenously or intratympanically and imaged with 4.7 T MRI. In man, gadolinium was delivered intratympanically and studied with 1.5 T or 3 T MRI.

RESULTS:

In the animals, intravenous delivery of gadolinium demonstrated uptake in the perilymph of normal inner ears. The cochlear modiolus appeared to be a critical site for the secretion of perilymph and the location of fluid communication between the perilymphatic scalae. Intense noise exposure and immune reaction caused cochlear injury and accelerated gadolinium passage through the blood-perilymph and blood-endolymph barriers. In man, perilymphatic uptake of gadolinium was only observed in the impaired inner ear when administered intravenously. However, the signal-to-noise ratio of images was improved when gadolinium was delivered intratympanically. MRI demonstrated endolymphatic hydrops in both animal models and patients with Meniere's disease.

PMID:
19221903
DOI:
10.1080/00016480902729850
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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