Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Circulation. 2009 Mar 3;119(8):1124-34. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.108.812537. Epub 2009 Feb 16.

Ligand-activated peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma protects against ischemic cerebral infarction and neuronal apoptosis by 14-3-3 epsilon upregulation.

Author information

1
Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Thiazolidinediones have been reported to protect against ischemia-reperfusion injury. Their protective actions are considered to be peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma)-dependent; however, it is unclear how PPAR-gamma activation confers resistance to ischemia-reperfusion injury.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

We evaluated the effects of rosiglitazone or PPAR-gamma overexpression on cerebral infarction in a rat model and investigated the antiapoptotic actions in the N2-A neuroblastoma cell model. Rosiglitazone or PPAR-gamma overexpression significantly reduced infarct volume. The protective effect was abrogated by PPAR-gamma small interfering RNA. In mice with knock-in of a PPAR-gamma dominant-negative mutant, infarct volume was enhanced. Proteomic analysis revealed that brain 14-3-3epsilon was highly upregulated in rats treated with rosiglitazone. Upregulation of 14-3-3epsilon was abrogated by PPAR-gamma small interfering RNA or antagonist. Promoter analysis and chromatin immunoprecipitation revealed that rosiglitazone induced PPAR-gamma binding to specific regulatory elements on the 14-3-3epsilon promoter and thereby increased 14-3-3epsilon transcription. 14-3-3epsilon Small interfering RNA abrogated the antiapoptotic actions of rosiglitazone or PPAR-gamma overexpression, whereas 14-3-3epsilon recombinant proteins rescued brain tissues and N2-A cells from ischemia-induced damage and apoptosis. Elevated 14-3-3epsilon enhanced binding of phosphorylated Bad and protected mitochondrial membrane potential.

CONCLUSIONS:

Ligand-activated PPAR-gamma confers resistance to neuronal apoptosis and cerebral infarction by driving 14-3-3epsilon transcription. 14-3-3epsilon Upregulation enhances sequestration of phosphorylated Bad and thereby suppresses apoptosis.

PMID:
19221220
PMCID:
PMC4144045
DOI:
10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.108.812537
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Publication types, MeSH terms, Substances, Grant support

Publication types

MeSH terms

Substances

Grant support

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center