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Blood. 2009 May 7;113(19):4505-11. doi: 10.1182/blood-2008-10-183392. Epub 2009 Feb 12.

Prognostic impact of WT1 mutations in cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia: a study of the German-Austrian AML Study Group.

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Department of Internal Medicine III, University Hospital of Ulm, Ulm, Germany.


To evaluate the incidence and clinical impact of WT1 gene mutations in younger adult patients with cytogenetically normal acute myeloid leukemia (CN-AML), sequencing of the complete coding region was performed in diagnostic samples from 617 patients who were treated on 3 German-Austrian AML Study Group protocols. WT1 mutations were identified in 78 (12.6%) of the 617 patients; mutations clustered in exon 7 (54 of 78) and exon 9 (13 of 78), but also occurred in exons 1, 2, 3, and 8. WT1 mutations were significantly associated with younger age, higher serum lactate dehydrogenase levels, higher blood blast counts, and the additional presence of FLT3-ITD (P < .001) and CEBPA mutations (P = .004). There was no difference in relapse-free survival and overall survival between patients with (WT1(mut)) or without WT1 mutations. Subset analysis showed that patients with the genotype WT1(mut)/FLT3-ITD(pos) had a lower complete remission rate (P = .003) and an inferior relapse-free survival (P = .006) and overall survival (P < .001) compared with those with the genotype WT1(mut)/FLT3-ITD(neg). In conclusion, in our large cohort of younger adults with CN-AML, WT1 mutation as a single molecular marker did not impact on outcome. However, our data suggest a negative impact of the genotype WT1(mut)/FLT3-ITD(pos).

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