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Mol Gen Genet. 1991 Oct;229(2):278-84.

Conservation of xcp genes, involved in the two-step protein secretion process, in different Pseudomonas species and other gram-negative bacteria.

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Department of Molecular Cell Biology, University of Utrecht, The Netherlands.


The two-step protein secretion pathway in Pseudomonas aeruginosa is dependent on the xcp genes. We investigated whether a similar secretion mechanism is present in non-pathogenic Pseudomonas spp. and in other gram-negative bacteria. The plant growth stimulating Pseudomonas strains P. putida WCS358, P. fluorescens WCS374 and Pseudomonas B10 appeared to secrete proteins into the extracellular medium. Southern hybridization experiments showed the presence of xcp genes in these strains and also in other gram-negative bacteria, including Xanthomonas campestris. Complementation experiments showed that the xcp gene cluster of P. aeruginosa restored protein secretion in an X. campestris secretion mutant. The secretion gene cluster of X. campestris however, restored secretion capacity in P. aeruginosa mutants only to a low degree. Two heterologous proteins were not secreted by P. fluorescens and P. aeruginosa. The results suggest the presence of a similar two-step protein secretion mechanism in different gram-negative bacteria, which however, is not always functional for heterologous proteins.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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