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J Asian Nat Prod Res. 2009;11(2):142-52. doi: 10.1080/10286020802573420.

Pseudolaric acid B-induced apoptosis through p53-dependent pathway in human gastric carcinoma cells.

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Department of Biochemistry, Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, China.


Pseudolaric acid B (PLAB, 1), a natural diterpenoid compound, was isolated from Pseudolarix kaempferi Gordon. It has shown antifungal, antifertility, and antiangiogenic properties in previous studies. Recently, increasing evidence has confirmed that 1 exhibits antitumor effects in several tumor cell lines, but the underlying mechanism has not been fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism of PLAB-induced cell apoptosis in MGC803 cells. The results showed that 1 significantly inhibited the proliferation of MGC803 cells at 0.01-10 microM and the IC(50) value was 0.91 microM for 48 h. PLAB-induced apoptosis in MGC803 cells was confirmed by DNA fragmentation assay and Hoechst33342/PI staining. PLAB-treated MGC803 cells were arrested at G(2) phase, which was associated with a marked increment of the expression of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21. The induction of p21 appeared to be transcriptionally up-regulated and was p53-dependent. In addition, PLAB induced Fas/APO-1 and caspase-3 expressions that were also correlated with apoptosis. Meanwhile, 1 decreased the mRNA expression of bcl-2, which is an antiapoptosis factor. In conclusion, 1 induced apoptosis through p53-dependent pathway in human gastric carcinoma cells. These findings suggest that 1 may be a novel promising agent for treating human gastric carcinoma.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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