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Arq Bras Cardiol. 2009 Jan;92(1):39-45.

Prevalence of primary hyperaldosteronism in a systemic arterial hypertension league.

[Article in English, Portuguese, Spanish]

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1
Hospital Universitário Presidente Dutra, Universidade Federal do Maranhão, São Luís, MA, Brazil.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Until recently, primary hyperaldosteronism was considered a rare cause of secondary hypertension. However, in recent years, many studies have suggested that this disease can affect up to 20% of hypertensive individuals.

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the prevalence of primary hyperaldosteronism in hypertensive patients treated at the hypertension league of a university hospital.

METHODS:

Serum aldosterone and plasma renin activity levels were measured in 105 patients while they were undergoing standard antihypertensive treatment, with the exception of those using betablockers and spironolactone, in fasting condition and after rest in the supine position for 20 minutes. Those with an aldosterone/plasma renin activity ratio > 25 were submitted to the saline suppression test and, after the confirmation of the autonomy of aldosterone secretion, a computed tomography of the adrenals was performed. The results are presented as percentages and means and standard deviations.

RESULTS:

Of the 105 patients, 6.54% presented refractory hypertension. Nine presented an aldosterone/plasma renin activity ratio > 25 (8.5% of the total). Of these, 08 were submitted to the saline suppression test and 01 (with refractory hypertension) had the diagnosis of primary hyperaldosteronism confirmed (0.96% of the total). A computed tomography of the adrenals was performed, which showed normal results.

CONCLUSION:

The prevalence of primary hyperaldosteronism in the studied sample was 0.96% of the total. However, when only the patients with refractory hypertension were evaluated, the prevalence was 14.3%.

PMID:
19219263
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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