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J Gen Virol. 2009 Mar;90(Pt 3):579-90. doi: 10.1099/vir.0.005231-0.

Cytomegaloviral proteins that associate with the nuclear lamina: components of a postulated nuclear egress complex.

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Institute for Clinical and Molecular Virology, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, 91054 Erlangen, Germany.


The nuclear egress of cytomegaloviral capsids traversing the nuclear envelope is dependent on a locally restricted destabilization of the rigid nuclear lamina. It has been suggested that the multi-component nuclear egress complex (NEC) that is formed is comprised of both viral and cellular proteins which act to recruit lamin-phosphorylating protein kinases. Recently, we reported that the lamina-associated human cytomegalovirus-encoded proteins pUL50 and pUL53, conserved among herpesviruses, interact with each other and recruit protein kinase C (PKC) to the nuclear envelope in transfected cells. The multiple interactions of the transmembrane protein pUL50 with pUL53, PKC and cellular PKC-binding protein p32, appear crucial to the formation of the NEC. In this study, we mapped individual interaction sequence elements of pUL50 by coimmunoprecipitation analysis of deletion mutants and yeast two-hybrid studies. Amino acids 1-250 were shown to be responsible for interaction with pUL53, 100-280 for PKC and 100-358 for p32. Interestingly, p32 specifically interacted with multiple NEC components, including the kinases PKC and pUL97, thus possibly acting as an adaptor for protein recruitment to the lamin B receptor. Notably, p32 was the only protein that interacted with the lamin B receptor. Immunofluorescence studies visualized the colocalization of NEC components at the nuclear rim in coexpression studies. The data imply that a tight interaction between at least six viral and cellular proteins leads to the formation of a postulated multi-protein complex required for nuclear egress.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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