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J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2009 May 1;49(4):1070-4. doi: 10.1016/j.jpba.2009.01.020. Epub 2009 Jan 21.

Plasma pharmacokinetics, tissue distribution and excretion study of 6-gingerol in rat by liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry.

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Key Laboratory of Modern Chinese Medicines, China Pharmaceutical University, Ministry of Education, Nanjing, China.


A rapid resolution liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization (ESI) time-of-flight mass spectrometry method was developed and validated for quantitative analysis of 6-gingerol in plasma and various tissues. Liquid-liquid extraction was employed as sample preparation technique. Biological samples were separated on an Agilent Zorbax StableBond-C(18) column (4.6 mm x 50 mm, 1.8 microm) and detected by TOF/MS with electrospray ionization (ESI) interface in positive ion mode. Calibration curves (1/x(2) weighted) offered satisfactory linearity (r(2)>0.995) within the test range. The lower limit of quantification in different matrices was in a range of 10-100 ng/mL. Inter- and intra-day precision were in the range of 0.91-11.90% and 0.75-10.23%, respectively. Recoveries in plasma, urine and tissues ranged from 72.5% to 90.4%. Glucuronide of 6-gingerol, the major metabolite of 6-gingerol, was further determined after beta-glucuronidase hydrolyzation. This developed method was successfully applied to pharmacokinetics, tissue distribution and excretion studies of 6-gingerol after oral or intraperitoneal administration in rats.

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