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Clin Cardiol. 2009 Feb;32(2):99-103. doi: 10.1002/clc.20297.

Safety of intra-aortic balloon pump using glycoprotein IIb/IIIa antagonists.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiology, Heart Institute, Sheba Medical Center, Tel Hashomer, Israel. avishagl@zahav.net.il

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Anticoagulation with heparin is recommended with intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) to prevent thrombosis and embolization. However, anticoagulation increases the risk of bleeding, particularly in combination with glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa antagonists.

HYPOTHESIS:

We investigated the safety of using GP IIb/IIIa antagonists without heparin after IABP insertion in patients who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

METHODS:

Consecutive patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), who underwent primary PCI and were treated with GP IIb/IIIa antagonists without concomitant heparin, and in whom IABP was inserted, were followed during hospitalization for thrombotic and hemorrhagic complications.

RESULTS:

Ninety-seven patients were included in this analysis. Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa antagonist treatment duration was 12-24 h in 89% of patients, and IABP duration was up to 48 h in 97% of patients. Three patients (3.1%) developed vascular complications: 1 had a major limb ischemia (long IABP treatment), 1 had a minor limb ischemia, and 1 had a cerebrovascular event (after prolonged resuscitation). All patients were already on heparin at the time of the thrombotic events. The rates of major and minor bleeding complications were 9% and 15.5%, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

The rate of thrombotic complications is relatively low in post-primary PCI patients with IABP treated with GP IIb/IIIa antagonists without concomitant heparin therapy. Such an approach may reduce the risk of hemorrhagic complications, with low risk of thrombotic complications.

PMID:
19215010
PMCID:
PMC6653343
DOI:
10.1002/clc.20297
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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