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Pharmacogenet Genomics. 2009 Apr;19(4):276-88. doi: 10.1097/FPC.0b013e328328d4e9.

Multidrug resistance-related protein 2 genotype of the donor affects kidney graft function.

Author information

1
Institute of Physiology, University of Greifswald, Karlsburg, Germany. grisko@uni-greifswald.de

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We tested the effect of kidney-specific multidrug resistance-related protein (MRP2, ABCC2) deficiency on renal organic solute disposition as well as on renal protein and gene expression. Furthermore, we investigated whether a particular kidney donor ABCC2 genotype is associated with delayed graft function in patients.

METHODS:

A new MRP2-deficient rat strain was established. Renal cross-transplantations were performed between congenic MRP2-deficient and wild-type rats. Renal disposition of MRP2 substrates was investigated in native and transplanted rats. Proteomic analyses and transcriptional profiling were performed in rat kidney graft cortices. Ninety-eight human kidney donor-recipient pairs were genotyped for five ABCC2 polymorphisms. The relationship between delayed graft function and ABCC2 genetic variants in donors and recipients was analyzed by backward stepwise logistic regression.

RESULTS:

In rats, the absence of renal MRP2 reduced renal bilirubin glucuronide excretion at pathologic plasma concentrations, modified renal p-aminohippurate excretion and did not affect renal morphine-6-glucuronide excretion. Renal MRP2 deficiency led to renal cortical protein or mRNA upregulation of glutathione transferase isoenzymes, glutaredoxin 2, and heme oxygenase-1. In patients, a particular donor ABCC2 genotype was associated with an increased incidence of delayed graft function.

CONCLUSION:

Kidney graft-specific MRP2 deficiency has mild effects on the renal excretion of some organic solutes under experimental conditions and induces a protein and gene expression pattern indicative of activated antioxidant defense mechanisms. This suggests that MRP2 is a determinant of the redox status in tubular epithelial cells and thus of the susceptibility to renal damage under conditions of treatment with multiple drugs and increased oxygen radical formation.

PMID:
19214140
DOI:
10.1097/FPC.0b013e328328d4e9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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