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Dtsch Med Wochenschr. 2009 Feb;134(9):412-6. doi: 10.1055/s-0028-1124009. Epub 2009 Feb 11.

[Kidney procurement and transplantation from a surgical perspective].

[Article in German]

Author information

  • 1Klinik für Allgemein-, Viszeral- und Transplantationschirurgie, Universitätsklinikum Essen, Universität Duisburg-Essen.

Abstract

Kidney transplantation is the best therapeutic option in many patients with end-stage renal disease, because it significantly increases lifespan over that of patients who remain on dialysis. Because of organ shortage the average waiting time for a suitable kidney in Germany is about four years after the onset of dialysis treatment. Currently about 80% of all transplanted kidneys are obtained from brain-dead patients. The possibility for kidney transplantation after living donation reduces the minimum waiting time to a few weeks. An optimized organizational strategy as well as donor and recipient preparation are possible in living donation, resulting in excellent transplant quality and a short cold-ischemia time. Pre-emptive kidney transplantation after living donation is an attractive treatment option without the need for previous dialysis and is also an option for children. The excellent long-term results after kidney transplantation have been caused by improvement of operative technique, organizational strategy, donor preparation, postoperative care and, in particular, immunosuppression.

PMID:
19212932
DOI:
10.1055/s-0028-1124009
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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