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Neuropsychopharmacology. 2009 Jul;34(8):1979-92. doi: 10.1038/npp.2009.10. Epub 2009 Feb 11.

Repeated cocaine administration decreases 5-HT(2A) receptor-mediated serotonergic enhancement of synaptic activity in rat medial prefrontal cortex.

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1
Department of Pharmacology, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan.

Abstract

Neural adaptations in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) are thought to be crucial in the development and maintenance of addictive behaviors. The mPFC receives a dense serotonergic (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) innervation from raphe nuclei and 5-HT exerts complex actions on mPFC pyramidal neurons. The present study, using a rat model of behavioral sensitization to cocaine, was designed to determine whether repeated cocaine exposure in vivo is capable of altering 5-HT-induced regulation of glutamatergic transmission in the mPFC. In layer V pyramidal neurons of the mPFC, application of 5-HT, through activation of 5-HT(2A) receptors, induced a massive enhancement of spontaneous excitatory postsynaptic currents (sEPSCs). Repeated cocaine administration for 5 days resulted in an attenuation in the ability of 5-HT to enhance sEPSCs. This effect was prevented when cocaine was co-administered with the selective 5-HT(2A) receptor antagonist ketanserin and was mimicked by repeated 5-HT(2A) receptor agonist (-)4-iodo-2,5-dimethoxyphenylisopropylamine administration. Repeated cocaine administration is not associated with any changes in the levels of 5-HT(2A) receptors or regulator of GTP-binding protein signaling 4. These results suggest that cocaine-induced inhibition of 5-HT(2A) receptor-mediated enhancement of glutamatergic transmission in the mPFC may be caused, at least in part, by the impairment of coupling of 5-HT(2A) receptors with GTP-binding proteins during cocaine withdrawal. These alterations in 5-HT(2A) receptor responsiveness in the mPFC may be relevant to the development of behavioral sensitization and withdrawal effects following repeated cocaine administration.

PMID:
19212317
DOI:
10.1038/npp.2009.10
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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