Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Cell Mol Med. 2008 Dec;12(6B):2566-85. doi: 10.1111/j.1582-4934.2008.00514.x.

Death receptors as targets for anti-cancer therapy.

Author information

1
Tumour Immunology Unit, Division of Medicine, Imperial College London, United Kingdom.

Abstract

Human tumour cells are characterized by their ability to avoid the normal regulatory mechanisms of cell growth, division and death. The classical chemotherapy aims to kill tumour cells by causing DNA damage-induced apoptosis. However, as many tumour cells possess mutations in intracellular apoptosis-sensing molecules like p53, they are not capable of inducing apoptosis on their own and are therefore resistant to chemotherapy. With the discovery of the death receptors the opportunity arose to directly trigger apoptosis from the outside of tumour cells, thereby circumventing chemotherapeutic resistance. Death receptors belong to the tumour necrosis factor receptor superfamily, with tumour necrosis factor (TNF) receptor-1, CD95 and TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand-R1 and -R2 being the most prominent members. This review covers the current knowledge about these four death receptors, summarizes pre-clinical approaches engaging these death receptors in anti-cancer therapy and also gives an overview about their application in clinical trials conducted to date.

PMID:
19210756
PMCID:
PMC3828874
DOI:
10.1111/j.1582-4934.2008.00514.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center