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J Periodontal Res. 2009 Apr;44(2):161-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0765.2008.01093.x. Epub 2008 Feb 6.

Effect of transforming growth factor-beta1 on expression of the connective tissue growth factor (CCN2/CTGF) gene in normal human gingival fibroblasts and periodontal ligament cells.

Author information

1
Department of Periodontology, School of Life Dentistry at Tokyo, Nippon Dental University, 1-9-20 Fujimi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:

Connective tissue growth factor (CCN2/CTGF) plays an important role in wound healing and regulation of the extracellular matrix in periodontal tissue. However, the functional relationship between altered transforming growth factor-beta1 levels and CCN2/CTGF has not been extensively investigated in human gingival fibroblasts and periodontal ligament cells. This study investigated the effects of transforming growth factor-beta1 on the expression of the CCN2/CTGF gene in human gingival fibroblasts and periodontal ligament cells in vitro.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

Cells were isolated from normal periodontal tissues and cultured in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's minimal essential medium/F12 containing 10% fetal bovine serum. Subconfluent cells were maintained under serum deprivation for 24 h then treated with Dulbecco's modified Eagle's minimal essential medium/F12 containing 0.5% fetal bovine serum (control) and 0.1, 1, 5 or 10 ng/mL of transforming growth factor-beta1 for 24, 48 or 72 h. The effects of transforming growth factor-beta1 on CCN2/CTGF mRNA expression were measured by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. CCN2/CTGF protein was quantitatively analyzed using enzyme-liked immunosorbent assay. Subcellular distribution of CCN2/CTGF protein in both human gingival fibroblasts and periodontal ligament cells was observed using immunofluorescence microscopy.

RESULTS:

In both human gingival fibroblasts and periodontal ligament cells, the expression of CCN2/CTGF mRNA and CCN2/CTGF protein was significantly increased, in a dose- and time-dependent manner, in the presence of transforming growth factor-beta1. Moreover, immunofluorescence analysis indicated that immunoreactivity to CCN2/CTGF showed a granular pattern of protein localization.

CONCLUSION:

The expression of CCN2/CTGF mRNA and protein was induced by transforming growth factor-beta1 in human gingival fibroblasts and periodontal ligament cells. These results suggest that CCN2/CTGF plays an important role in wound healing and in the regeneration of periodontal tissue.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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