Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Health Psychol. 2009 Jan;28(1):131-5. doi: 10.1037/a0012648.

Stress, race, and body weight.

Author information

1
Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR 72202, USA. khk@uams.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Stress has been identified as a significant factor in health and in racial/ethnic health disparities. A potential mediator in these relationships is body weight.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships between stress, race, and body weight were examined in an ethnically diverse sample of overweight and obese women with Type 2 diabetes (n = 217) enrolled in a behavioral weight loss program.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Stress (Perceived Stress Scale) was assessed at baseline only and body weight (body mass index) was assessed at baseline and 6 months.

RESULTS:

Stress was not related to baseline body weight. With every 1 unit lower scored on the baseline stress measure, women lost 0.10 kg +/- .04 more at 6 months (p < .05). When women were divided into tertiles based on baseline stress scores, those in the lowest stress group had significantly greater weight loss (5.2 kg +/- 4.9) compared with those in the highest stress group (3.0 kg +/- 4.0) (p < .05). There was a trend for African Americans to report higher levels of stress (20.7 +/- 8.8) than Whites (18.3 +/- 8.3) (p = .08).

CONCLUSION:

The association between higher stress and diminished weight loss has implications for enhancing weight loss programs for women with Type 2 diabetes.

PMID:
19210027
PMCID:
PMC5115788
DOI:
10.1037/a0012648
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for American Psychological Association Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center