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HIV Med. 2009 Mar;10(3):143-51. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-1293.2008.00663.x. Epub 2008 Dec 20.

Effect of nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors on CD4 T-cell recovery in HIV-1-infected individuals receiving long-term fully suppressive combination antiretroviral therapy.

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1
National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia. hbyakwaga@nchecr.unsw.edu.au

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of the study was to determine the effect of nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) on CD4 recovery in HIV-1-infected individuals receiving long-term suppressive combination antiretroviral therapy (cART).

METHODS:

A retrospective cohort study was carried out. The mean time-weighted CD4 change from baseline was determined at weeks 48, 96 and 144: its associations with exposure to NRTIs were assessed using linear regression.

RESULTS:

One hundred and five patients were included. Their median baseline CD4 count was 225 (interquartile range 91-362) cells/microL. A trend of greater CD4 change from baseline was observed for individuals who at baseline had CD4 counts >200 cells/microL (138 vs. 113, 176 vs. 134 and 204 vs. 173 cells/microL), or were </=40 years old (136 vs. 118, 182 vs. 150, 208 vs. 174) at weeks 48, 96 and 144, respectively; however, all P-values were >0.05. Lower CD4 increases were observed in patients exposed to didanosine (ddI) or a combination of ddI and stavudine, although the difference was not statistically significant. For patients that commenced cART with CD4 count </=200 cells/microL, a trend towards a CD4 count response <250 cells/microL at weeks 48, 96 and 144 was observed in patients receiving zidovudine.

CONCLUSION:

Exposure to different NRTIs in initial cART was not significantly associated with variable rises in CD4 cell count. However, these findings need to be confirmed in larger studies.

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