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J Autism Dev Disord. 2009 Jun;39(6):874-82. doi: 10.1007/s10803-009-0696-5. Epub 2009 Feb 10.

Special education versus inclusive education: the role of the TEACCH program.

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IRCCS Oasi Maria SS, via Conte Ruggero 73, Troina 94018, EN, Italy.


Our study aimed at comparing, over a period of 3 years, the effectiveness of three different educational approaches addressed to children with autism and severe mental retardation. The first one was a treatment and education of autistic and related communication handicapped children (TEACCH) program implemented in a residential center; the second was a TEACCH program implemented at home and at mainstream schools, after a specific parent psychoeducational training; the third approach referred to inclusive education in mainstream schools, in which a nonspecific approach was implemented. Each subject was assessed twice, using the Psycho-Educational Profile-Revised (PEP-R) and Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scale (VABS)-survey form. Effectiveness of TEACCH appeared to be confirmed, showing positive outcomes in the natural setting, and revealing its inclusive value.

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