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J Nanosci Nanotechnol. 2008 Dec;8(12):6425-30.

A new blue, green and red upconversion emission nanophosphor: BaZrO3:Er,Yb.

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Centro de Investigaciones en Optica A.C., Leon, Gto. 37150 Mexico.


Strong Blue, green, and red upconversion emission of Er3+ in nanocrystalline BaZrO3:(Yb3+Er3+) is observed. Powder samples were obtained by a facile hydrothermal process at 100 degrees C. The as synthesized nanocrystallites preserve a stable cubic perovskite phase under subsequent annealing treatment up to 1000 degrees C. No other phase or segregation of other compounds was detected. Crystallites sizes were around 115 nm and well faceted. Under IR excitation in the range between 900 and 1050 nm the Er3+ blue emission was almost not present in single Er3+ doped BaZrO3, whereas it became easily observable when Yb3+ was added as codopant. Besides, both green and red upconversion emission or upconverted signal of Er3+ are enhanced by around three orders of magnitude in comparison with the single Er3+ doped BaZrO3. The strong blue emission presents dependence on both excitation power and excitation wavelength. This is the first time that upconversion emission is observed in BaZrO3. A possible mechanism for the upconversion process that leads to the observed blue, green and red emissions under NIR excitation is suggested based on the experimental results.


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