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Phytopathology. 2009 Mar;99(3):251-7. doi: 10.1094/PHYTO-99-3-0251.

Cross-protection against bean yellow mosaic virus (BYMV) and clover yellow vein virus by Attenuated BYMV isolate M11.

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Research Team for Vector-borne Disease, National Agricultural Research Center, Kannondai 3-1-1, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8666, Japan.


Attenuated isolate M11 of Bean yellow mosaic virus (BYMV), obtained after exposing BYMV-infected plants to low temperature, and its efficacy in cross-protecting against infection by BYMV isolates from gladiolus, broad bean (Vicia faba) and white clover (Trifolium repens) was assessed with western blotting and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. The level of cross-protection varied depending on the challenge virus isolates. Cross-protection was complete against BYMV isolates from gladiolus, but incomplete against BYMV isolates from other hosts. M11 also partially cross-protected against an isolate of Clover yellow vein virus. A comparison of the nucleotide sequence of M11 and those of BYMV isolates from gladiolus and from other hosts showed higher homology among gladiolus isolates than the homology between gladiolus isolates and nongladiolus isolates. In the phylogenetic trees, constructed using the nucleotide sequences of an overall polyprotein of the genomes, five gladiolus isolates clustered together, completely separated from the three BYMV isolates from other hosts. A comparison of the amino acid sequences between M11 and its parental isolate IbG, and analysis of recombinant infectious clones between M11 and IbG revealed that an amino acid at position 314 was involved in the attenuation of BYMV.

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