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Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2009 Mar;38(3):274-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ijom.2008.12.016. Epub 2009 Feb 5.

In vivo low-density bone apposition on different implant surface materials.

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  • 1Inasmet-Tecnalia, San Sebastian, Spain; Lifenova Biomedical, Spain.


During osseointegration, new bone may be laid down on the implant surface and/or on the old bone surface; the former is known as contact osteogenesis and the latter as distance osteogenesis. Implant surface topography and material composition affect this process. The present study evaluates Ca and P apposition onto three different dental implant material surfaces (carbon monoxide (CO) ion implantation on Ti6Al4V, sand blasting and acid etching on commercially pure titanium and untreated Ti6Al4V) on the mandibles of beagles after healing periods of 3 and 6 months. Energy dispersive spectroscopy is useful for identifying low-density bone relative to surrounding mature bone, allowing for discrimination of the osteogenesis source. Low-density bone was only found at the apical end; there was none on the surface of untreated implants. Low-density bone arising from mature bone towards the implant at month 3 (i.e. distance osteogenesis) was only present on the CO ion implanted samples, due to the modification of the surface nano-topography and the chemistry and structure of the material.

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