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J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci. 2009 Apr;64(4):455-61. doi: 10.1093/gerona/gln038. Epub 2009 Feb 4.

Chronic inflammation is associated with low physical function in older adults across multiple comorbidities.

Author information

1
Section on Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA. tbrinkle@wfubmc.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Chronic subclinical inflammation may contribute to impaired physical function in older adults; however, more data are needed to determine whether inflammation is a common mechanism for functional decline, independent of disease or health status.

METHODS:

We examined associations between physical function and inflammatory biomarkers in 542 older men and women enrolled in four clinical studies at Wake Forest University between 2001 and 2006. All participants were at least 55 years and had chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, congestive heart failure, high cardiovascular risk, or self-reported physical disability. Uniform clinical assessments were used across studies, including grip strength; a Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB; includes balance, 4-m walk, and repeated chair stands); inflammatory biomarker assays for interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), and C-reactive protein (CRP); and anthropometric measures.

RESULTS:

Higher levels of CRP and IL-6, but not TNF-alpha, were associated with lower grip strength and SPPB scores and longer times to complete the 4-m walk and repeated chair stands tests, independent of age, gender, and race. More importantly, these relationships were generally independent of disease status. Further adjustment for fat mass, lean mass, or percent body fat altered some of these relationships but did not significantly change the overall results.

CONCLUSIONS:

Elevated CRP and IL-6 levels are associated with poorer physical function in older adults with various comorbidities, as assessed by a common battery of clinical assessments. Chronic subclinical inflammation may be a marker of functional limitations in older persons across several diseases/health conditions.

PMID:
19196644
PMCID:
PMC2657165
DOI:
10.1093/gerona/gln038
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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