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Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2009 Jul;15(6):445-52. doi: 10.1016/j.parkreldis.2008.11.001. Epub 2009 Feb 3.

Low doses of sarizotan reduce dyskinesias and maintain antiparkinsonian efficacy of L-Dopa in parkinsonian monkeys.

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1
Molecular Endocrinology and Oncology Research Center, CHUQ, CHUL Pavillon and Faculty of Pharmacy, Laval University 2705 Laurier Blvd, Québec, PQ, Canada.

Abstract

Dyskinesia is an important complication of treatment in Parkinson's disease (PD). Sarizotan, a 5-HT(1A) agonist with high affinity for D3 and D4 receptors was investigated on L-Dopa-induced dyskinesia (LID) in the 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) animal model of PD. Five MPTP female cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) with a moderate to severe parkinsonian syndrome and LID were used. Sarizotan 0.2, 1, and 2 mg/kg administered alone did not worsen parkinsonian symptoms; there were no effect on locomotor counts or on normal behavior of the monkeys. Sarizotan 0.2, 1, and 2 mg/kg administered 30 min before a fixed dose of L-Dopa (25-30 mg/kg s.c.) + benserazide (50 mg) did not affect the antiparkinsonian response to L-Dopa. However, mean dyskinetic scores were significantly reduced with sarizotan 1 and 2 mg/kg but not at 0.2 mg/kg. Higher doses of sarizotan (4 and 8 mg/kg, administered immediately before L-Dopa) reduced L-Dopa-induced locomotor response in all monkeys. A pharmacokinetic investigation in these monkeys showed a dose-dependent increase in mean plasma sarizotan concentrations with similar mean plasma concentrations for sarizotan 1 mg/kg alone or with L-Dopa, indicating a lack of sarizotan/L-Dopa interaction. The time course of plasma sarizotan concentrations was associated with time of maximal reduction of dyskinesias. When administered daily for two weeks in combination with L-Dopa in the same MPTP monkeys, sarizotan 1 mg/kg had a sustained antidyskinetic effect while maintaining the antiparkinsonian and locomotor effect of L-Dopa. This detailed sarizotan investigation in MPTP monkeys supports the antidyskinetic activity of this drug and for 5-HT(1A) agonists.

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