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Eur J Oral Sci. 2009 Feb;117(1):68-75. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0722.2008.00594.x.

Long-term release of monomers from modern dental-composite materials.

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1
Department of Operative Dentistry and Periodontology, Dental School and Hospital, University Medical Center Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany. olga.polydorou@uniklinik-freiburg.de

Abstract

The elution of monomers from composite materials influences the biocompatibility of dental restorations. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the elution of monomers [bisphenol A glycidyl methacrylate (BisGMA), triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA), urethane dimethacrylate (UDMA), and bisphenol A (BPA)] from two light-cured materials (nanohybrid and ormocer) and from a chemically cured composite material, after different curing times (0, 20, 40 and 80 s) and different storage periods (24 h, 7 d, 28 d, and 1 yr after curing). Each specimen was stored in 1 ml of 75% ethanol. This medium was renewed after 24 h, 7 d, 28 d, and 1 yr. The ethanol samples were analyzed using liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The amount of monomers released from the nanohybrid and the chemically cured composite was significantly higher than released from the ormocer. The curing time exerted a significant effect on the release of monomers. For the nanohybrid, less monomer was released after increasing the curing time. For the ormocer, 80 s of curing resulted in a higher degree of monomer release. The effect of storage differed between the monomers. Although the elution of TEGDMA was significantly decreased after storage for 28 d and 1 yr, a similar amount of BisGMA was released at each storage time-point analyzed, even after 1 yr. The present study showed that ormocer released a very small amount of monomers compared with the other materials.

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