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Cancer Invest. 2009 Mar;27(3):273-85. doi: 10.1080/07357900802314893.

Combined inhibition of MEK and mTOR signaling inhibits initiation and progression of colorectal cancer.

Author information

1
Shanghai Institute of Digestive Disease, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine Renji Hospital, Shanghai, China.

Abstract

The role of the mTOR signal pathway in colorectal cancer (CRC) pathogenesis remains unclear, and the combination effect of PD98059 (an inhibitor for MEK) and rapamycin (an inhibitor for mTOR) on CRC is still unknown. Here, we found that combination treatment with PD98059 and rapamycin suppressed the proliferation of CRC cells, induced apoptosis, arrested cell cycle, and reduced the incidence and volume of CRC in mice, as well as inhibited phosphorylation of mTOR and the MEK signal pathway components, of which the effects were more significant than single-drug treatments. These findings indicate that PD98059 combined with rapamycin appears to be a promising strategy for inhibiting the initiation, and progression of CRC, which may provide a novel strategy for CRC prevention.

PMID:
19194827
DOI:
10.1080/07357900802314893
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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