Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Korean Med Sci. 2009 Jan;24 Suppl:S11-21. doi: 10.3346/jkms.2009.24.S1.S11. Epub 2009 Jan 28.

The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and the associated factors to CKD in urban Korea: a population-based cross-sectional epidemiologic study.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. mednep@snubh.org

Abstract

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a worldwide problem. This study was designed to survey the prevalence and risk factors for CKD in Korea. The 2,356 subjects were selected in proportion to age, gender, and city. Subjects 35 yr of age or older were selected from 7 cities. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) Study equation, with albuminuria defined as a urine albumin to creatinine ratio of 30 mg/g or more. The overall prevalence of CKD was 13.7%. The prevalences of CKD according to stage were 2.0% stage 1, 6.7% stage 2, 4.8% stage 3, 0.2% stage 4, and 0.0% stage 5. The prevalences of microalbuminuria and macroalbuminuria were 8.6% and 1.6%, respectively. The prevalence of eGFR less than 60 mL/min/1.73 m(2) was 5.0%. Age, body mass index (BMI), hypertension, diabetes mellitus, systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and fasting blood glucose were independent factors related to the presence of CKD. In conclusions, Korea, in which the prevalence of CKD is increasing, should prepare a policy for early detection and appropriate treatment of CKD. The present data will be helpful in taking those actions.

KEYWORDS:

Epidemiologic Studies; Kidney Failure, Chronic; Korea

PMID:
19194539
PMCID:
PMC2633200
DOI:
10.3346/jkms.2009.24.S1.S11
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Korean Academy of Medical Sciences Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center