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J Invest Dermatol. 2009 Aug;129(8):2011-21. doi: 10.1038/jid.2008.458. Epub 2009 Feb 5.

Protein kinase Cepsilon inhibits UVR-induced expression of FADD, an adaptor protein, linked to both Fas- and TNFR1-mediated apoptosis.

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Department of Human Oncology, Medical School, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53792, USA.


Protein kinase C (PKC)epsilon overexpression in FVB/N transgenic mice sensitized skin to UVR-induced development of squamous cell carcinomas and suppressed formation of sunburn cells, which are DNA-damaged keratinocytes undergoing apoptosis. Here, we elucidated the mechanisms associated with the inhibition of UVR-induced appearance of sunburn cells in PKCepsilon transgenic mice. We found that the inhibition of UVR-induced sunburn cell formation in PKCepsilon transgenic mice may be the result of the inhibition of the expression of Fas, Fas ligand, and the mammalian death adaptor protein termed Fas-associated with death domain (FADD). The adaptor protein FADD is the key component of the death-inducing signaling complex of both Fas and tumor necrosis factor receptor 1. A decreased expression of epidermal FADD was observed after a single UVR exposure. However, a complete loss of FADD expression was found after four (Monday, Wednesday, Friday, and Monday) repeated UVR exposures. FADD transmits apoptotic signals from death receptors to the downstream initiator caspase-8 and connects to the mitochondrial intrinsic apoptotic signal transduction pathway by the cleavage of Bid, a Bcl-2 family member. PKCepsilon-mediated loss of FADD expression inhibited UVR signals to the activation of both extrinsic and intrinsic apoptotic pathways.

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