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J Appl Behav Anal. 2008 Winter;41(4):527-38.

Voucher-based contingent reinforcement of smoking abstinence among methadone-maintained patients: a pilot study.

Author information

1
University of Vermont, USA.

Abstract

This study evaluated the efficacy of a contingency management (CM) intervention to promote smoking cessation in methadone-maintained patients. Twenty participants, randomized into contingent (n=10) or noncontingent (n=10) experimental conditions, completed the 14-day study. Abstinence was determined using breath carbon monoxide and urine cotinine levels. Contingent participants received voucher-based incentives for biochemical evidence of smoking abstinence. Noncontingent participants earned vouchers independent of smoking status. Contingent participants achieved significantly more smoking abstinence and longer durations of continuous smoking abstinence than did noncontingent participants. These results support the potential efficacy of using voucher-based CM to promote smoking cessation among methadone-maintained patients.

PMID:
19192857
PMCID:
PMC2606604
DOI:
10.1901/jaba.2008.41-527
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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