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Helicobacter. 2009 Feb;14(1):29-35. doi: 10.1111/j.1523-5378.2009.00656.x.

Helicobacter pylori eradication therapy success regarding different treatment period based on clarithromycin or metronidazole triple-therapy regimens.

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1
University Hospital Merkur, Zagreb, Croatia. tajana_filipec@yahoo.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The study compares the eradication success of standard first-line triple therapies of different durations (7, 10, and 14 days).

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A total of 592 naive Helicobacter pylori-positive patients were randomized to receive pantoprazole, amoxicillin, and clarithromycin or metronidazole for 14 days (PACl14 or PAM14), 10 days (PACl10 or PAM10), or 7 days (PACl7 or PAM7). H. pylori eradication was assessed by histological, microbiological, and rapid urease examination.

RESULTS:

The intention-to-treat (ITT) and per-protocol (PP) analyses have shown no overall statistically significant differences between the eradication success of PACl and PAM treatment groups (ITT p = .308, PP p = .167). Longer treatment duration has yielded statistically significant increase in eradication success for clarithromycin (ITT p = .004; PP p = .004) and metronidazole (ITT p = .010; PP p = .034) based regimens. Namely, PACl10, PACl14, and PAM14 protocols resulted in eradication success exceeding 80% in ITT and 90% in PP analysis. Primary resistance to clarithromycin and metronidazole equals 8.2% and 32.9%, respectively. Prolonging the metronidazole-based treatment duration in patients with resistant strains resulted in statistically significant higher eradication success.

CONCLUSIONS:

For all antimicrobial combinations, 14 days protocols have led to a significant increase of H. pylori eradication success when compared to 10 and 7 days, respectively. Prolonging the treatment duration can overcome the negative effect of metronidazole resistance. Only PAM14, PACl10 protocols achieved ITT success > 80% and should be recommended as the first line eradication treatment in Croatia.

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