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Pediatr Res. 2009 May;65(5 Pt 2):78R-83R. doi: 10.1203/PDR.0b013e31819db90c.

Human metapneumovirus and human bocavirus in children.

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Department of Pediatrics, Naval Medical Center, San Diego, California 92134, USA.


Several new viruses have recently been described in children, including human metapneumovirus (hMPV) and human bocavirus (HBoV). hMPV has been established as a common cause of upper and lower respiratory tract infections in children, often second only to respiratory syncytial virus as a cause of bronchiolitis in infants. Diagnostic tools have been developed for the clinician and effective treatment and prevention strategies are being investigated. HBoV was more recently identified. Although it was initially identified in the airway of children, high rates of codetection of other viral pathogens and detection of the virus in the stool have raised questions about the true role of HBoV as a cause of respiratory infections. A focus on epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical features, and diagnostic techniques for hMPV and HBoV is presented.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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