Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Eur J Immunol. 2009 Mar;39(3):704-16. doi: 10.1002/eji.200838901.

CTL induction by cross-priming is restricted to immunodominant epitopes.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical Research, University of Berne, Berne, Switzerland.

Abstract

CTL are induced by two pathways, i.e. direct priming, where tumor cells present tumor antigens to naïve specific CTL, and cross-priming, where professional APC cross-present captured tumor antigens to CTL. Here, we examined direct priming versus cross-priming after immunizing (H-2(b) x H-2(d)) F1 mice with either H-2(b) or H-2(d) positive tumor cells transfected with the GP or nucleoprotein (NP) of lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV). Cross-priming was observed for the immunodominant epitopes LCMV-gp33 and -np118, although direct induction resulted in higher CTL frequencies. In contrast, CTL specific for the subdominant epitopes LCMV-gp283 or -np396 were induced only if epitopes were presented directly on MHC class I molecules of the immunizing cell. The broader repertoire and the higher CTL frequencies induced after vaccination with haplotype-matched tumor cells resulted in more efficient anti-tumor and antiviral protection. Firstly, our results indicate that certain virus and tumor antigens may not be detected by CD8(+) T cells because of impaired cross-priming. Secondly, efficient cross-priming contributes to the immunodominant nature of a tumor-specific CTL epitope. Thirdly, vaccine strategies using autologous or syngenic antigen-expressing cells induce a broader repertoire of tumor-specific CTL and higher CTL frequencies.

PMID:
19189311
DOI:
10.1002/eji.200838901
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center