Send to

Choose Destination
Circulation. 2009 Feb 17;119(6):845-56. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.108.816454. Epub 2009 Feb 2.

Vascular endothelial growth factor-B induces myocardium-specific angiogenesis and arteriogenesis via vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1- and neuropilin receptor-1-dependent mechanisms.

Author information

Department of Biotechnology and Molecular Medicine, A.I. Virtanen Institute, University of Kuopio, Kuopio, Finland.



New revascularization therapies are urgently needed for patients with severe coronary heart disease who lack conventional treatment options.


We describe a new proangiogenic approach for these no-option patients using adenoviral (Ad) intramyocardial vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-B186 gene transfer, which induces myocardium-specific angiogenesis and arteriogenesis in pigs and rabbits. After acute infarction, AdVEGF-B186 increased blood vessel area, perfusion, ejection fraction, and collateral artery formation and induced changes toward an ischemia-resistant myocardial phenotype. Soluble VEGF receptor-1 and soluble neuropilin receptor-1 reduced the effects of AdVEGF-B186, whereas neither soluble VEGF receptor-2 nor inhibition of nitric oxide production had this result. The effects of AdVEGF-B186 involved activation of neuropilin receptor-1, which is highly expressed in the myocardium, via recruitment of G-protein-alpha interacting protein, terminus C (GIPC) and upregulation of G-protein-alpha interacting protein. AdVEGF-B186 also induced an antiapoptotic gene expression profile in cardiomyocytes and had metabolic effects by inducing expression of fatty acid transport protein-4 and lipid and glycogen accumulation in the myocardium.


VEGF-B186 displayed strikingly distinct effects compared with other VEGFs. These effects may be mediated at least in part via a G-protein signaling pathway. Tissue-specificity, high efficiency in ischemic myocardium, and induction of arteriogenesis and antiapoptotic and metabolic effects make AdVEGF-B186 a promising candidate for the treatment of myocardial ischemia.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon
Loading ...
Support Center