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Lett Appl Microbiol. 2009 Apr;48(4):426-32. doi: 10.1111/j.1472-765X.2008.02546.x. Epub 2009 Feb 2.

Development of a defined medium for Clostridium scatologenes ATCC 25775.

Author information

1
Department of Biology, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, KY 42101-1080, USA.

Abstract

AIMS:

To develop a defined medium for Clostridium scatologenes ATCC 25775, which produces the malodorants 3-methylindole (skatole) and 4-methylphenol (p-cresol).

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Clostridium scatologenes was cultured in anaerobic broth medium (pH 6.3) at 37 degrees C containing ammonia, minerals and a commercial vitamin solution. Data indicate alpha-ketoglutarate, L-glutamate or L-glutamine is a required nutrient that can also serve as a primary carbon and energy source. When cultured in defined medium containing glutamate; glucose, fructose and betaine served as primary carbon and energy sources. L-Tryptophan, L-tyrosine, sorbitol and indole acetic acid did not enhance growth. In the absence of tryptophan, cells produced indole when grown using glucose or fructose. 4-Methylphenol was produced when growing cells were supplied with tyrosine. When supplied with tryptophan, 3-methylindole was produced by glucose- or fructose-growing cells but not from glutamate-growing cells. Cells grown in the presence of pyruvate produced indole, 3-methylindole and 4-methylphenol.

CONCLUSIONS:

Clostridium scatologenes requires alpha-ketoglutarate, L-glutamate, or L-glutamine for growth in defined medium. Cells produce indole when glucose or fructose is included in defined medium.

SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY:

The development of a defined medium will assist in physiology studies and genetic analysis of this strain.

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