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J Am Geriatr Soc. 2009 Mar;57(3):470-5. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2008.02146.x. Epub 2009 Jan 23.

Responsiveness and clinical utility of the geriatric self-efficacy index for urinary incontinence.

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Center for Research, Institut Universitaire de Gériatrie de Montréal, Quebec, Canada.



To report on the responsiveness testing and clinical utility of the 12-item Geriatric Self-Efficacy Index for Urinary Incontinence (GSE-UI).


Prospective cohort study.


Six urinary incontinence (UI) outpatient clinics in Quebec, Canada.


Community-dwelling incontinent adults aged 65 and older.


The abridged 12-item GSE-UI, measuring older adults' level of confidence for preventing urine loss, was administered to all new consecutive incontinent patients 1 week before their initial clinic visit, at baseline, and 3 months posttreatment. At follow-up, a positive rating of improvement in UI was ascertained from patients and their physicians using the Patient's and Clinician's Global Impression of Improvement scales, respectively. Responsiveness of the GSE-UI was calculated using Guyatt's change index. Its clinical utility was determined using receiver operating curves.


Eighty-nine of 228 eligible patients (39.0%) participated (mean age 72.6+5.8, range 65-90). At 3-month follow-up, 22.5% of patients were very much better, and 41.6% were a little or much better. Guyatt's change index was 2.6 for patients who changed by a clinically meaningful amount and 1.5 for patients having experienced any level of improvement. An improvement of 14 points on the 12-item GSE-UI had a sensitivity of 75.1% and a specificity of 78.2% for detecting clinically meaningful changes in UI status. Mean GSE-UI scores varied according to improvement status (P<.001) and correlated with changes in quality-of-life scores (r=0.7, P<.001) and reductions in UI episodes (r=0.4, P=.004).


The GSE-UI is responsive and clinically useful.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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