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J Abnorm Psychol. 1991 Aug;100(3):316-36.

Tripartite model of anxiety and depression: psychometric evidence and taxonomic implications.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas 75275-0442.

Abstract

We review psychometric and other evidence relevant to mixed anxiety-depression. Properties of anxiety and depression measures, including the convergent and discriminant validity of self- and clinical ratings, and interrater reliability, are examined in patient and normal samples. Results suggest that anxiety and depression can be reliably and validly assessed; moreover, although these disorders share a substantial component of general affective distress, they can be differentiated on the basis of factors specific to each syndrome. We also review evidence for these specific factors, examining the influence of context and scale content on ratings, factor analytic studies, and the role of low positive affect in depression. With these data, we argue for a tripartite structure consisting of general distress, physiological hyperarousal (specific anxiety), and anhedonia (specific depression), and we propose a diagnosis of mixed anxiety-depression.

PMID:
1918611
DOI:
10.1037//0021-843x.100.3.316
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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