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Environ Manage. 2009 May;43(5):743-52. doi: 10.1007/s00267-008-9259-3. Epub 2009 Jan 31.

Adaptation to climate change in developing countries.

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1
Department of Geography and Geology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark. om@geo.ku.dk

Abstract

Adaptation to climate change is given increasing international attention as the confidence in climate change projections is getting higher. Developing countries have specific needs for adaptation due to high vulnerabilities, and they will in this way carry a great part of the global costs of climate change although the rising atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations are mainly the responsibility of industrialized countries. This article provides a status of climate change adaptation in developing countries. An overview of observed and projected climate change is given, and recent literature on impacts, vulnerability, and adaptation are reviewed, including the emerging focus on mainstreaming of climate change and adaptation in development plans and programs. The article also serves as an introduction to the seven research articles of this special issue on climate change adaptation in developing countries. It is concluded that although many useful steps have been taken in the direction of ensuring adequate adaptation in developing countries, much work still remains to fully understand the drivers of past adaptation efforts, the need for future adaptation, and how to mainstream climate into general development policies.

PMID:
19184576
DOI:
10.1007/s00267-008-9259-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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