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J Clin Invest. 1991 Oct;88(4):1331-7.

Immunosuppressive activity of 13-cis-retinoic acid and prevention of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis in rats.

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  • 1Dipartimento di Scienze Neurologiche e Psichiatriche, Universit√† degli Studi di Firenze, Florence, Italy.

Abstract

Some activities of retinoids on cellular and humoral immunity have been described, but the available data are conflicting or obtained at concentrations that are toxic in vivo. In this study, we demonstrate that 13-cis-retinoic acid (13-cRA), a retinoid well tolerated in human therapy, can suppress T cell-mediated immunity in rats. Treatment with pharmacological concentrations of 13-cRA prevented active as well as passive transfer experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) and suppressed lymphocyte responsiveness to T cell mitogens, suggesting that the drug activity included suppression of an effector T cell response. In addition, mitogen- and antigen-induced lymphocyte proliferation was inhibited in vitro in the presence of concentrations of 13-cRA equivalent to or less than those achieved in vivo, further suggesting that the prevention of EAE was due to a suppressive activity on T cell-mediated immunity. The immunosuppressive activity of 13-cRA included suppression of interleukin 2, whose production was inhibited in splenocytes. These data indicate that, in an in vivo mammalian system, 13-cRA exerts a suppressive activity on T cell-mediated immunity intensive enough to suppress an ongoing immune response, and that this effect can be achieved at nontoxic concentrations that may also be attained in human therapy.

PMID:
1918383
PMCID:
PMC295603
DOI:
10.1172/JCI115438
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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