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Acta Ophthalmol. 2009 May;87(3):300-5. doi: 10.1111/j.1755-3768.2008.01433.x. Epub 2009 Jan 31.

Effect of bromfenac ophthalmic solution on ocular inflammation following cataract surgery.

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1
Department of Ophthalmology, Miyata Eye Hospital, Miyakonojo, Miyazaki, Japan. miyanaga@miyata-med.ne.jp

Abstract

PURPOSE:

This study compared the post-cataract surgery anti-inflammatory effects of topical treatment with 0.1% bromfenac, 0.1% betamethasone or both on postoperative anterior chamber inflammation and corneal swelling.

METHODS:

Seventy-two patients with no eye disease other than cataract were enrolled in a prospective, randomized study to undergo phacoemulsification combined with intraocular lens implantation. After cataract surgery, patients were randomized to treatment with bromfenac, betamethasone or both agents. Twenty-five eyes were assigned to bromfenac, 23 to betamethasone and 24 to the combined treatment group. Inflammatory reactions in the anterior chamber were measured with laser flare photometry preoperatively and at 1 and 3 days, 1 and 2 weeks, and 1 and 2 months postoperatively. Intraocular pressure (IOP) and corneal thickness were measured at the same time-points. Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) was measured preoperatively and at 2 days, 1 and 2 weeks, and 1 and 2 months postoperatively. Specular microscope endothelial photography of the central region of the cornea was performed preoperatively and at 3 months after surgery.

RESULTS:

There were no significant differences among the bromfenac, betamethasone and combined treatment groups in BCVA, IOP, aqueous flare or corneal thickness. Cystoid macular oedema was present in one eye treated with betamethasone.

CONCLUSIONS:

There were no significant differences in anti-inflammatory effects among the three treatments. These findings suggest that bromfenac is as effective as betamethasone in minimizing inflammatory reactions after cataract surgery.

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