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Behav Res Methods. 2009 Feb;41(1):184-191. doi: 10.3758/BRM.41.1.184.

Reaction time normative data for the IAPS as a function of display time, gender, and picture content.

Author information

1
Department of Cognitive Psychology, Universidad de La Laguna, 38205, Tenerife, Spain. mgcalvo@ull.es.
2
Department of Cognitive Psychology, Universidad de La Laguna, 38205, Tenerife, Spain.

Abstract

This study aimed to extend the International Affective Picture System (IAPS; Lang, Bradley, & Cuthbert, 2005) norms by obtaining reaction time (RT) normative data for 308 selected photographs. Pictures were presented one at a time for 33, 100, or 250 msec, or under free-time display, to 96 women and 48 men. The participants' task involved assessing the emotional valence of each picture and responding as quickly as possible as to whether it was unpleasant, neutral, or pleasant. RTs provided an index of processing efficiency. The manipulation of display time served to estimate the time course in the valence identification of each picture. Some categories of depicted scenes (e.g., erotica and mutilations) were classified more consistently and efficiently than were others as pleasant or unpleasant. There were minimal differences between men and women. Overall, the present data provide researchers investigating cognition/emotion relationships with an objective criterion to select pictorial stimuli on the basis of RTs. Data for all pictures may be downloaded from brm.psychonomic-journals.org/content/supplemental.

PMID:
19182139
DOI:
10.3758/BRM.41.1.184
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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