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Zhong Yao Cai. 2008 Sep;31(9):1373-7.

[Neuroprotective effects of water extracts of American Ginseng on SH-SY5Y cells apoptosis induced by Abeta25-35].

[Article in Chinese]

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State Key Laboratory of Chinese Medicine and Molecular Pharmacology, Shenzhen 518057, China.



To study the neuroprotective effect of water extracts of American Ginseng (WEAG) on Abeta25-35-induced SH-SY5Y cells apoptosis in Alzheimer's Disease cellular model.


The optimal concentration and treating time of Abeta25-35 for Alzheimer's Disease cellular model as well as those of WEAG were measured by flow cytometer. In addition, the cell viability was measured by MTT test and the morphology of SH-SY5Y cells was observed by Hoechst 33258 staining.


Treated by Abeta25-35 50 micromol/L 72 h later, SH-SY5Y cells turned rounder, aggregated and were positively stained with fluorochrome Hoechst 33258. Cells displayed a typical sub-diploid peak in flow cytometry, and the percentage of apoptosis reaches (37.30 +/- 0.69)% (P < 0.05 as compared with the control group) (1.56 +/- 0.80)%. When incubated with Abeta 50 micromol/L and different doses (0.5, 1, 5 mg/ml) of WEAG for 72h, the characteristics of apoptosis as measured by FCM dose-dependently declined to (16.71 +/- 1.08)%, (10.52 +/- 2.11)% and (3.39 +/- 1.65)%, respectively (P < 0.05 as compared with the model group).


Water extracts of American Ginseng have markedly neuroprotective effects on SH-SY5Y cells apoptosis induced by Abeta25-35.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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