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J Bacteriol. 1991 Oct;173(20):6332-8.

Participation of ABF-1 protein in expression of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae CAR1 gene.

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Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Tennessee, Memphis 38163.


DNA fragments previously shown to be required for expression of the CAR1 (arginase) gene in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and to support transcriptional activation of a reporter gene in a heterologous expression vector were shown to bind purified regulatory protein ABF-1. Two ABF-1 sites were identified in the CAR1 upstream region, one to which ABF-1 protein bound with high affinity and a second to which it bound much less avidly. The higher-affinity ABF-1 binding site upstream of CAR1 was an effective competitor of the HMRE, ARS1 B domain, and COR2-GFI binding sequences for protein binding. Point mutations in the CAR1 high-affinity ABF-1 binding site resulted in a 12-fold loss of transcriptional activation of a reporter gene compared with the wild-type CAR1 DNA fragment. These data are consistent with the suggestion that ABF-1 protein is one of the transcription factors involved in expression of the CAR1 gene.

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