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J Perinatol. 2009 Feb;29(2):170-2. doi: 10.1038/jp.2008.179.

Phenotypic continuum of type 2 Gaucher's disease: an intermediate phenotype between perinatal-lethal and classic type 2 Gaucher's disease.

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Paediatric Department, La Rabta Hospital, Tunis, Tunisia.


The natural history and clinical presentation of the perinatal-lethal Gaucher's disease, a severe variant of acute type 2 Gaucher's disease, is quite different from classic type 2 Gaucher's disease. Rare reported patients had an overlapping phenotype between these two forms confirming that phenotyping may be difficult. Here we report three patients with an intermediate phenotype. The first two patients showed at birth cholestatic jaundice, hepatosplenomegaly and hematological involvement consistent with hemophagocytosis in one patient, the death occurred from a severe liver involvement in one and lung disease in the second in the absence of neurological symptoms. The third patient displayed ichthyosis and facial dysmorphism but with neurological degeneration course and survival consistent with classic type 2 Gaucher's disease.

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