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J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2009 May;24(5):776-85. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1746.2008.05669.x. Epub 2008 Nov 3.

SRD5B1 gene analysis needed for the accurate diagnosis of primary 3-oxo-Delta4-steroid 5beta-reductase deficiency.

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Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume, Fukuoka, Japan.



We encounter hyper-3-oxo-Delta(4) bile aciduria in patients with severe cholestatic liver disease or fulminant liver failure during the neonatal period. However, simply by bile acid analysis, it is difficult to distinguish hyper-3-oxo-Delta(4) bile aciduria from primary 3-oxo-Delta(4)-steroid 5beta-reductase deficiency.


To determine whether 3-oxo-Delta(4)-steroid 5beta-reductase (SRD5B1) gene analysis is required for the accurate diagnosis of 3-oxo-Delta(4)-steroid 5beta-reductase deficiency, we evaluated the laboratory data, bile acid analysis and SRD5B1 gene analysis from six patients with hyper-3-oxo-Delta(4) bile aciduria.


Based upon the results, four patients who had developed neonatal liver failure were diagnosed as having neonatal hemochromatosis. Two patients with chronic cholestasis were diagnosed as having primary 3-oxo-Delta(4)-steroid 5beta-reductase deficiency by SRD5B1 gene analysis. The SRD5B1 gene in these two patients had a heterozygous mutation, G737A (Gly 223 Glu) in one patient and C217T (Arg 50 stop) in the other.


Based upon our limited data, we conclude that SDR5B1 gene analysis is required for the accurate diagnosis of 3-oxo-Delta(4)-steroid 5beta-reductase deficiency. Moreover, we think that it is important to elucidate whether there is a heterozygous or a compound heterozygous mutation of the SRD5B1 gene in our two patients.

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