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Immunology. 2009 Aug;127(4):477-88. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2567.2008.02977.x. Epub 2008 Oct 30.

The lectin Jacalin induces human B-lymphocyte apoptosis through glycosylation-dependent interaction with CD45.

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  • 1Research Center for Glycobiotechnology, Ritsumeikan University, Shiga, Japan.


It has been well established that CD45 is a key receptor-type protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTPase) regulating Src-family protein tyrosine kinase (Src-PTK) in T and B lymphocytes. However, precisely how CD45 exerts its effect in these lymphocytes remains controversial. We recently reported that Jacalin, an alpha-O-glycoside of the disaccharide Thomsen-Friedenreich antigen-specific lectin from jackfruit seeds, caused marked T-cell activation in response to T-cell receptor ligation and CD28 costimulation by binding to CD45. On extending the reported research, we found that CD45 and isoforms are major Jacalin receptors on B lymphocytes, and that the glycosylation of CD45 is involved in the interaction of Jacalin with the PTPase. In contrast to Jacalin-stimulated T-cell activation, we found that Jacalin induced human B-lymphocyte apoptosis, resulting in calcium mobilization and calpain activation, suggesting that the calcium-calpain pathway may mediate the Jacalin-induced apoptosis. Importantly, the apoptosis was effectively blocked by a specific CD45 PTPase inhibitor, indicating that Jacalin induces human B-lymphocyte apoptosis through CD45 triggering. Furthermore, we found that Jacalin significantly increased the C-terminal inhibitory tyrosine (Tyr507) phosphorylation of Src-PTK Lyn, one of the major substrates of CD45 PTPase, and this effect was also observed on incubation of B lymphocytes with the specific CD45 PTPase inhibitor, suggesting that Jacalin stimulation results in increasing C-terminal tyrosine phosphorylation of the kinase through inhibition of CD45 tyrosine phosphatase activity in human B lymphocytes. Therefore, the down-modulation of Lyn kinase may play a role in the regulation of B-lymphocyte viability.

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