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Retina. 2009 Apr;29(4):545-51. doi: 10.1097/IAE.0b013e318194fd1a.

Clinical features and surgical outcomes of pediatric rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.

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Ophthalmology Department and Ophthalmic Research Center, Labbafinejad Medical Center, Shaheed Beheshti Medical University, Tehran, Iran.



To evaluate the clinical features and functional and anatomical outcomes after surgical intervention in pediatric rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.


In this retrospective case series, pediatric patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment who had surgical intervention were included. Cases were categorized into five main etiology groups: congenital or developmental (48 eyes); trauma (54 eyes); myopia alone (12 eyes); previous intraocular surgery (10 eyes); and miscellaneous (3 eyes). Patients' demographic, clinical, and surgical outcomes, as well as fellow eye findings were evaluated.


One hundred twenty-seven eyes of 108 patients (mean age: 12.1 +/- 4.1 year, 80.6% male) were included. Scleral buckling was the initial procedure in 31% of eyes and vitrectomy in 63%. Mean follow-up was 34 +/- 21 months (median 33 months). Retinal reattachment at last follow-up was achieved in 74.9% of eyes. Visual acuity was >/=20/200 in 14% of eyes preoperatively and in 47.9% of eyes at final follow-up (P = 0.001). Retinal pathologies (mostly lattice degeneration) were noted in 82.2% of fellow eyes.


Trauma and congenital-developmental anomalies were the leading etiologies in pediatric rhegmatogenous retinal detachment in this review. Despite the complexity of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment and presence of vision-threatening anomalies, anatomic and functional outcomes were acceptable. Regular ophthalmoscopy of the sound eye is recommended for children at risk.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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