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Mol Pharmacol. 2009 Apr;75(4):843-54. doi: 10.1124/mol.108.051805. Epub 2009 Jan 26.

Calcium signaling by dopamine D5 receptor and D5-D2 receptor hetero-oligomers occurs by a mechanism distinct from that for dopamine D1-D2 receptor hetero-oligomers.

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Department of Pharmacology, University of Toronto, and the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.


In this report, we investigated whether the D5 dopamine receptor, given its structural and sequence homology with the D1 receptor, could interact with the D2 receptor to mediate a calcium signal similar to the G(q/11) protein-linked phospholipase C-mediated calcium signal resulting from the coactivation of D1 and D2 dopamine receptors within D1-D2 receptor heterooligomers. Fluorescent resonance energy transfer experiments demonstrated close colocalization of cell surface D5 and D2 receptors (<100 A), indicating hetero-oligomerization of D5 and D2 receptors in cells coexpressing both receptors. Coactivation of D5 and D2 receptors within the D5-D2 hetero-oligomers activated a calcium signal. However, unlike what is observed for D1 receptors, which activate extensive calcium mobilization only within a complex with the D2 receptors, a robust calcium signal was triggered by D5 receptors expressed alone. Hetero-oligomerization with the D2 receptor attenuated the ability of the D5 receptor to trigger a calcium signal. The D5 and D5-D2-associated calcium signals were G(q/11) protein-linked and phospholipase C-mediated but were also critically dependent on the influx of extracellular calcium through store-operated calcium channels, unlike the calcium release triggered by D1-D2 heterooligomers. Collectively, these results demonstrate that calcium signaling through D5-D2 receptor hetero-oligomers occurred through a distinct mechanism to achieve an increase in intracellular calcium levels.

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