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Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2009 Feb;57(1):1-10. doi: 10.1055/s-2008-1039175. Epub 2009 Jan 23.

[Training requirements for transvenous implantation of pacemakers and cardioverter-defibrillators].

[Article in German]

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Sana Herzchirurgie, Stuttgart.


Therapy with implantable pacemakers, cardioverter defibrillators (ICD), and devices for cardiac resynchronization (CRT) is performed by various medical and surgical specialists. With the change from implantation by thoracotomy to the transvenous approach, an increasing number of devices are implanted by cardiologists. The purpose of this paper is to establish training requirements for transvenous device therapy, implantation and follow-up examinations, regardless of the implanting person, an internist, cardiologist, general surgeon, or cardiothoracic surgeon. Epicardial lead placement should be performed only by surgeons. Two levels of training topics are defined, level 1 for pacemakers and level 2 for ICD and CRT devices. Surgery that involves the implantation of foreign material should demand the highest standards of operating rooms design and environment. Catheter laboratories used for implantations should meet operating room standards. Complications need to be documented carefully for quality control.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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