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Biol Blood Marrow Transplant. 2009 Feb;15(2):205-13. doi: 10.1016/j.bbmt.2008.11.015.

IPSS poor-risk karyotype as a predictor of outcome for patients with myelodysplastic syndrome following myeloablative stem cell transplantation.

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The Leukemia/BMT Program of British Columbia, Division of Hematology, Vancouver General Hospital, British Columbia Cancer Agency and the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.


The optimal therapy for myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is allogeneic bone marrow (BM) or blood (BSC) stem cell transplantation (SCT), although outcomes are limited by nonrelapse mortality (NRM) and relapse. A retrospective review was performed of 156 patients who underwent SCT (114 BM, 42 BSC) for MDS or secondary acute myelogenous leukemia (sAML) at our institution. Fifty-five patients remain in continuous complete remission: 35 BM recipients and 20 BSC recipients (median follow-up 139 and 89 months, respectively). Estimated 7-year event-free survival (EFS), NRM, and risk of relapse (ROR) are 33% (95% confidence intervals [CI] 25%-43%), 42% (CI 33%-51%), and 25% (CI 17%-33%) for the BM cohort and 45% (CI 32%-64%, P= .07), 32% (CI 18%-47%, P= .15), and 23% (CI 11%-37%, P= .79) for the BSC cohort. Multivariate analysis showed IPSS poor-risk cytogenetics (P< .001), time from diagnosis to SCT (P< .001), FAB subgroup (P= .001), recipients not in complete remission (CR1) at SCT (P= .005), and the development of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) (P= .04) were all predictive of an inferior EFS. The FAB subgroup (P= .002), poor-risk karyotype (P= .004), and non-CR1 status also correlated with ROR in multivariate analysis. EFS for poor-risk karyotype patients was superior after receiving BSC compared to BM (39% versus 6%, P< .001). SCT outcomes in MDS/sAML are strongly associated with the IPSS cytogenetic risk group, although the use of BSC in poor-risk karyotype patients may lead to a more favorable long-term EFS.

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