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Genesis. 2009 Feb;47(2):115-21. doi: 10.1002/dvg.20466.

Absence of TGFbeta signaling in embryonic vascular smooth muscle leads to reduced lysyl oxidase expression, impaired elastogenesis, and aneurysm.

Abstract

To address the requirement for TGFbeta signaling in the formation and maintenance of the vascular matrix, we employed lineage-specific mutation of the type II TGFbeta receptor gene (Tgfbr2) in vascular smooth muscle precursors in mice. In both neural crest- and mesoderm-derived smooth muscle, absence of TGFbeta receptor function resulted in a poorly organized vascular elastic matrix in late-stage embryos which was prone to dilation and aneurysm. This defect represents a failure to initiate formation of the elastic matrix, rather than a failure to maintain a preexisting matrix. In mutant tissue, lysyl oxidase expression was substantially reduced, which may contribute to the observed pathology.

PMID:
19165826
DOI:
10.1002/dvg.20466
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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