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Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2009 May;18(5):284-91. doi: 10.1007/s00787-008-0729-1. Epub 2009 Jan 22.

Five-year predictive validity of DSM-IV conduct disorder research diagnosis in 4(1/2)-5-year-old children.

Author information

  • 1Dept. of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, USA. julia.Kim-cohen@yale.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This longitudinal study of a non-referred, population-based sample tested the 5-year predictive validity of the DSM-IV conduct disorder (CD) research diagnosis in children 4(1/2)-5 years of age.

METHOD:

In the E-Risk Study, a representative birth cohort of 2,232 children, mothers were interviewed and teachers completed mailed questionnaires to assess children's past 6-month CD symptoms. A follow-up assessment was conducted when children were 10 years old.

RESULTS:

CD-diagnosed 5-year-olds were significantly more likely than controls to have behavioural and educational difficulties at age 10. Increased risk for age-10 educational difficulties persisted after controlling for age-5 IQ and ADHD diagnosis. Although the majority of CD-diagnosed 5-year-olds had no CD symptoms at age 10, findings suggest that these "remitted" children continued to experience behavioural and educational problems 5 years later despite their apparent remission from CD.

CONCLUSIONS:

DSM-IV CD symptoms validly identify preschool-aged children who continue to have behavioural and educational problems in middle-childhood.

PMID:
19165535
PMCID:
PMC4212821
DOI:
10.1007/s00787-008-0729-1
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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